‟Zeszyty Komiksowe”
Issue 25, May 2018:
Internet Comics

Zeszyty Komiksowe #25

Table of contents

Dear Readers,

Funny situation: we decided to discuss Internet comics in a print publication. As it turns out, Internet comics, also known as web comics or online comics, are quite a problematic and ambiguous phenomenon. Difficulties start right at the get-go, i.e. with the definition, as Jerzy Szyłak’s article opening this issue clearly demonstrates. What is Internet comics and what isn’t? When has it all begun? Another challenge is posed by the vastness of this artistic domain: how can researchers ever hope to collect, characterize and catalog everything that is published online?

For these reasons, we are not limiting ourselves to academic analyses; we also talk and ask questions. Most of all – with artists. When, how and why did they start publishing online? What is their definition of webcomics? How do they see its future? We also ask these questions to researchers who focus on this form of comics. And we don’t just talk about online comics – we contrast it with “classic” comics printed on paper because this is the only way to fully appreciate the innovations (or lack thereof) of comics on the Internet. Finally, we want to understand the commercial and artistic future of print comics in the age of “cloud” and social media.

We did not aim to propose simple answers. In the fast-moving world of the Internet, this collection of articles and interviews can at best be seen as a snapshot, limited out of necessity, but hopefully complete enough to inspire.

We hope you will enjoy this issue of ‟Zeszyty Komiksowe”,

Michał Błażejczyk and Michał Traczyk

Table of Contents

Design: Dennis Wojda
Cover art: melon

Internet Comics

Illustration: By Monika Laprus-Wierzejska
A Couple of Notes on Internet Comics Jerzy Szyłak Starting from a polemic with Urszula Pawlicka, Jerzy Szyłak proposes his own view on the issue of a webcomic as well as on the attitude of its authors to the paper comic books, from which – despite the use of a new medium – they are unable to cut themselves off completely, because of thinking about the graphic narration in a traditional way. Szyłak points out that the emergence of new ways of publishing is not tantamount to the genre evolvement, but only to the facilitations which derive from the Internet, like elimination of the editor’s and critic’s traditional instances. Still there remains a difficulty with a webcomic definition, as not everything that is called like that by its authors, should be named that way.
Comics: The Ostensible Weight of Success By Smutne historie spisane na kacu i tanim papierze
Comics: Crash Course in Drawing Internet Comics By Adam Walas
Comics: Chasing Amy By Papryk Vege
Comics: The Net By Tomasz Niewiadomski
Polish Webcomics Not Only on Polish Internet Ksenia Frąszczak The article presents an overview of the Polish webcomics landscape of recent years: main authors, popular formats and genres, publishing platforms, publication languages, and the question of moving from publishing on-line to publishing in print.
Epitaph for a Certain Phenomenon Interview with Artur Wabik about the Komiks w sieci anthology, conducted by Michał Jutkiewicz In 2004, Arturb Wabik published an anthology of something new and exciting: webcomics. The album created a mild controversy on the comics scene, but from the perspective of time it turned out to be a great way of documenting an ephemeral phenomenon.
I Was Drawing in Paint, with a Mouse Interview with Agata ‟Endo” Nowicka conducted by Artur Wabik Agata „Endo” Nowicka was one of the trailblazers of webcomics in Poland. Now a successful freelance illustrator („The New Yorker”, „New York Times”, „Wall Street Journal”, …), she talks about the beginnings of her career, practical aspects of creating comics, popularity of comics in the US, and feminist representations of sex in comics.
Comics: Shut Up By M Bogdanis
The Problem of Digital Comics Tomasz Żaglewski The author offers an interesting cultural perspective on digital comics. He talks about limited ownership of digital comics; limited ways of reading and relating to them in general; the lack of thrill of building a collection. In the end, there can be no true fandom without physical comics and all the cultural phenomena that are associated with them. For this reason, the raise in popularity of digital comics shouldn’t be seen as a threat to print comics because the two are reinforcing each other.
Comics: Foxes and Immunizations By Marianna Maśnik
Comics: Light at the End of the Tunnel By Katarzyna Olbromska
Comics Heritage in a Digital World Tomasz Bazylewicz This article uses the example of comics to show how technological innovation influences social and cultural practices. It presents a short history of comics on-line and evaluates perspectives for digital distribution and monetization platforms, especially in Poland. Finally, it tries to answer questions about benefits and challenges related to webcomics in all its variety.
Comics: Fox’s Affairs. The City By Beata Smugaj
The Internet Is Too Big Interview with Jakub ‟Dem” Dębski conducted by Dominika Gracz Jakub „Dem” Dębski is one of the most popular Polish authors of webcomics. This interview focuses on two broad topics: his work (his first webcomics; creative process; cooperation with other artists; self-publishing; other forms of creative expression; plans for the future) and more general topics such as the evolution of the Polish webcomics scene, the relationship between webcomics and comics etc.
Freedom Is Key Interview with Sarah Andersen conducted by Hubert Możdżeń Sarah Andersen talks about her webcomics, webcomics in general (e.g about differences between this delivery model and standard publishing) and her inspirations and plans.
Comics: Which Witch? Miss N. By Katarzyna Witerscheim
Post-Revolutionary Landscapes. Polish Internet Comics After the Remix Revolution Michał Jutkiewicz The article presents the history of Internet comics in Poland over the past 20 years from the perspective of „revolutions” proposed by Scott McCloud in Reinventing Comics. McCloud talked about changes of the comics medium caused by its relocation to a computer screen. This article focuses on the revolution related to the social circulation of comics and its democratization due to the popularity of remix platforms, and in particular on the impact of the platform komixxy.pl on the webcomics scene in Poland.
Comics: Labrador and Chocolate By Marianna Maśnik
Comics: Possum and Aggression By Marianna Maśnik
Cyber-Archeology and Death of Memes – About Comics on Komixx Dominika Gracz This article presents the web portal Komixxy.pl. It was created in 2010 and it allows users to create their own webcomics. The author believes that the portal’s popularity stems from the fact that works published thereon function online as memes. She uses definitions of the term „meme” that are recognized in literature as well as memes’ common characteristics (e.g. susceptibility to transformations, formulaic character, use of generators, easiness of graphic editing, egalitarianism, following established creative structures) to show that webcomics are simply another variation of the Internet meme.
Devil Is in the Detail. About the Polish Translation of McCloud yet Again Jakub Jankowski This article is the continuation of the debate between Jakub Jankowski and Michał Traczyk concerning the Polish translation of McCloud’s Understanding Comics. The Invisible Art.
Comics: Watch Out: Exam! By Krzysztof Otorowski
Subject Heading: Comics Interview with Rafał Wójcik conducted by Michał Traczyk Michał Traczyk, deputy editor-in-chief and publisher of „Zeszyty Komiksowe”, interviews Rafał Wójcik, originator and first person responsible for the comics collection at the University Library in Poznań. They talk about difficult beginnings of the collection; about the the crucial role of legal obligation to deposit a copy of every work published in print in certain university libraries; and about the dynamic development, in spite of some obstacles, of the collection over the past 10 years.
Comics Now! A Word About the Comics Exibition in the National Museum in Krakow Michał Traczyk
Comics: The Untamed Hunter of Adventure By Krzysztof Otorowski
Comics: Grandma Irena’s Adventures By Krzysztof Otorowski
Make Yourself a Comics Maciej Gierszewski Reeview of Piotr Kasiński’s and Robert Trojanowski’s book entitled Zrób sobie komiks
Comics Archeology Robert Piotrowski Review of Kajko i Kokosz. Komiksowa archeologia. Katalog wystawy, a book edited by Paweł Marek Pogodziński
What Might Be the Purpos of a Univers-al Triangle? Przemysław Zawrotny Review of Tomasz Żaglewski’s book entitled Kinowe uniwersum superbohaterów. Analiza współczesnego filmu komiksowego
In Short Damian Kaja Short reviews of the following comics:
Pułapka czasu by Hope Larson, based on a novel by Madeleine L’Engle
Tam, gdzie rosły mirabelki by Jan Mazur
Tyler Cross, vol. 1: Black Rock by Fabien Nury and Brüno
Dziewanna, szczury i inne historie by Adam Święcki and Robert M. Heske
List of Comics Published by Polish Authors Tomasz Kontny
Data utworzenia strony: 25 X 2018
Ostatnia modyfikacja: 3 XII 2018