‟Zeszyty Komiksowe”
Issue 26, September 2018:
Religion in Comics

Zeszyty Komiksowe #26

Table of contents

Dear Readers,

Religion has always been one of the greatest inspirations for artistic creation. The wealth of possible topics and the vast diversity of approaches and opinions produce an infinite number of combinations. Comics is no exception, as countless artists have demonstrated from early days of the genre by creating a hugely varied body of work, and we can see the same reflected in the present volume which includes a large variety of topics: from deep-dives into religious aspects of superhero comics, clear for all to see but not always easy to correctly analyze (Zawrotny, Gąsowski) through analyses of works that explicitly incorporate religious references (Szyłak, Wnęk, Lara, Lichtblau) to articles demonstrating the vitality of ancient motives (including religions) in popular culture (Matusiak, Adamiec). As always, short comics and illustrations complete the picture. In no way do we pretend that this issue of “Zeszyty Komiksowe” presents a complete overview of this vast subject, neither. We will definitely come back to it in future issues.

We are also not limiting ourselves to religion – in this issue you can also read about the exposition of one of the best known Polish authors, Przemysław Truściński, in Japan, about the body of works of Marcin Podolec, and about the popular on-line comic, Gunshow.

We hope you will enjoy this issue of ‟Zeszyty Komiksowe”,

Michał Błażejczyk and Michał Traczyk

Table of Contents

Design: Dennis Wojda
Cover art: Spell

Religion in Comics

Illustration: By Agnieszka Gójska
When Heros Become Superheros Przemysław Zawrotny The author describes the meaning of modern myth based on works of Umberto Eco, Mikhail Bakhtin and Piotr Kowalski. He stresses the difference between religious narration and popular culture and uses this point of view to analyze superhero stories (especially ones that are explicitly based on Biblical tropes) and one particular adaptation of biblical stories into comics.
Superhero: Between Heaven and Earth Paweł Gąsowski The article discusses the relationship between mythical heroic tales and modern superhero comics. The author focuses on the images of people, heroes, gods and demons and the corresponding planes of Earth, Heaven, and Hell. The author tries to demonstrate how these spheres affect the status of the hero in the depicted world.
Comics: Aigiler By Tomasz Niewiadomski
A Devil Walks into a Confessional… Daredevil’s Catolicism Mirosław Wnęk This article is an attempt at analyzing the opinions and actions of Daredevil, a comic book superhero, as they relate to religion. The author looks underneath the mask of the Man Without Fear to take a closer look at the religious values he supposedly espouses. Daredevil’s writers – Frank Miller and Kevin Smith – were of great help in this task, having presented him in their comics as a person formed and motivated by Catholic faith. They showed Daredevil’s religiousness in various ways, making him both a sinner and a follower seeking redemption.
Illustrations: By Sławomir Dera
Super-Christ in Comics Krzysztof Lichtblau This article presents The Action Bible, a graphic novel by Sergio Cariello (art) and David C Cook (text and adaptation) stylized in many aspects to resemble superhero comics. The author is analyzing how well this type of storytelling is suitable as an adaptation of the Bible.
How Saint Jan Hardy Slayed the Dragon. Nationalist and Catholic Values in Jan Hardy. Żołnierz wyklęty Magdalena Lara The creator of the patriotic comics series Jan Hardy. Żołnierz Wyklęty is pursuing social and educational goals – he is trying to change attitudes of his readers. The way he wants to achieve this is through a merge of nationalist content with Catholic symbolism. The clear cultural context in the comics allows readers to notice important issues related to the (re)production and consolidation of national identity in everyday practices and mass culture. Well-known symbols presented in an attractive form are used to reinterpret myths and legitimate old concepts of national identity. Therefore, the reality presented in Jan Hardy is not sufficient to change attitudes; it only supports preferred models and social behaviors.
Comics: Inanna, Ereshkigal, Maria By Beata Sosnowska
The One Who Shapes Characters Jerzy Szyłak Neil Gaiman’s Sandman is a postmodern story about stories and the power of imagination. An important motif in this comics is a story about gods, who are born thanks to imagination. Gaiman shows us people who tell stories about gods and gods who look and behave like the protagonists of those stories. He does not, however, decidedly claims that gods are a human creation, instead suggesting that a Higher Power, difficult to imagine, may in fact exist outside of human stories.
Immortals: Gods and Heroes – – Comics in Transmedia Storytelling Jacek Adamiec This article presents the comics collected in Immortals: Gods and Heroes (published by Archaia Entertainment) as texts contributing to the transmedia story of Immortals. The concept of transmedia storytelling used by the author comes from the works of Henry Jenkins. The comics described in this article constitute a prequel to Tarsem Singh’s 2011 movie also entitled Immortals and extend the Immortals story onto an additional media platform. The author also reaches for Konrad Dominas’ research as well as for Claude Lévi-Strauss’ structuralist theory to present the reception of Greek mythology in Immortals. The mechanisms by which comics functions as a part of the „new media” are also discussed.
Illustration: By Sławomir Dera
Carthaginian Moloch in Comics Patrycja Matusiak This paper presents the image of the sculpture of Moloch – the most impressive and memorable characteristic of Carthage taken from ancient literature. Moloch was a Punic god connected with the molk sacrifice, which, in Carthage, was made of children. His image appears both in comics and in film, including Cabiria, a silent film from year 1914. The illustrators were probably inspired by a description of Moloch found in the Bibliotheca historica of Diodorus Siculus. They only changed some details, such as the appearance of ears, eyes, arms and the manner of sacrifice.
Comics: The User By Krzysztof Gawronkiewicz
As an Artist, I Am Expansive Interview Przemysław ‟Trust” Truściński conducted by Michał Traczyk Michał Traczyk, deputy editor-in-chief and publisher of „Zeszyty Komiksowe”, interviews the famous Polish illustrator and comics author, Przemysław „Trust” Truściński, about Japanese inspirations of his work and about the exposition devoted to him that took place recently in the Uplink gallery in Tokyo.
Comics Drawn with a ‟Spine” Krzysztof Lichtblau This article summarizes the work of one of the most important comics artists of the new generation: Marcin Podolec. The author presented his comics, pointing out tendencies and changes. What is immediately clear is a great variety in genres tackled by Podolec and therefore a variety in comics techniques that he uses in his work.
That’s Okay, Things Are Going to Be Okay. Gunshow Comics Paweł Gąsowski This article is an analysis of works by KC Green, and in particular his comics belonging to the Gunshow series. The author begins by introducing the artist and presenting his early creations. Then he moves on to describing the typical characteristics of Green’s comics and the games that they play with popular culture. The last part of the article analyzes the most important episodes of the Gunshow comics series.
Comics: The Sin By Artur Biernacki
Centre of Comics and Interactive Storytelling Wojciech Łowicki Very soon, Poland will have its first cultural centre devoted to comics. It will be located in Łódź, the city that has been hosting The International Festival of Comics and Games for nearly 30 years. The Centre will serve as a permanent exposition area and a conferencing location. It will also acquire and preserve the largest public collection of comics in Poland. The Centre’s mission will also include various forms of interactive storytelling such as games. The founding of this institution marks an important stepping stone towards the recognition of comics as an important art form in Poland.
Comics: One Second By Bartosz Nowicki
Beyond the Edge of the American Dream Przemysław Zawrotny Review of the comic book series by Jason Aaron, R.M. Guéry and others entitled Scalp
Which of His Many Faces Is Spell Showing Us This Time? Przemysław Zawrotny Review of Tomasz ‟Spell” Grządziela’s comics entitled Wszechksięga
In Short Damian Kaja Short reviews of the following comics:
Ta małpa poszła do nieba by Gosia Kulik
Pantera by Brecht Evens
Ja, Nina Szubur by Daniel Chmielewski (based on Olga Tokarczuk’s novel Anna In w grobowcach świata)
Data utworzenia strony: 25 X 2018
Ostatnia modyfikacja: 1 III 2020