‟Zeszyty Komiksowe”
Issue 27, May 2019:
Science Fiction in Comics

Zeszyty Komiksowe #27

Table of contents

Dear Readers,

Science fiction has been present in comics since inception. In fact, this art form fits it perfectly: image allows fantastic visions to become a tangible reality, and production costs are significantly lower than in the case of cinema.

We begin this issue of ‟Zeszyty Komiksowe” by closely examining several Polish SF comics. Artur Nowakowski writes about SF elements in zines from the 1980s. Paweł Chmielewski takes a closer look at science fiction comics of Jerzy Ozga. Piotr Klonowski reminds our readers of Ósmej czary, an early work of Prosiak. Finally, Jerzy Szyłak writes about theoretical aspects of science fiction comics. Then, we go abroad. Gostyński and Kikiewicz cover SF comics in France and Gracz analyzes Alita: Battle Angel. Interviews with Daniel Odija and Joe Haldeman complete this section of the magazine.

Aside from the block focused on SF, we also briefly come back to the subject of the previous issue: Michał Madej writes about religious elements in Peanuts. Finally, Michał Czajkowski analyzes anti-hero aspects of Scrooge McDuck.

As always ‟Zeszyty Komiksowe” are not only about articles. The issue contains many great illustrations and short comics as well as several reviews.

We hope you will enjoy this issue of ‟Zeszyty Komiksowe”,

Krzysztof Lichtblau, Hubert Możdżeń and the Editing Collective

Table of Contents

Design: Dennis Wojda
Cover art: Marcin Rustecki

Science Fiction in Comics

Illustration: By Monika Laprus-Wierzejska
Polish Club Comics of the 1980s Artur Nowakowski This article offers a review of Polish ‟club” publications (zines and non-serial publications) containing comics related to science fiction and fantasy. The late appearance of Polish SF fandom (second half of the 1970s) resulted in a much more limited experience of Polish fans as compared to Western SF communities. The article’s author presents the most important publications that came out during the 1980s, describing their content and style, and focusing on the end of the period when most of SF and fantasy comics were printed. The author also discusses the popularity of comics among fandom members of the era.
Comics: Ostatnia szychta By Marek Turek
GŻEBYK, ADAMS, KLOTZ, AND A FEW OTHERS Paweł Chmielewski The article presents the body of work of the comics artist Jerzy Ozga. From Misja rozpaczy and Salut bohaterom all the way to the collection of stories about Yorgi Adams, in collaboration with several writers (e.g. Tomasz Ozga, Zygmunt ‟Zeke” Kowal and Dariusz Rzontkowski), Jerzy Ozga creates a unique and unmistakable world of postmodern grotesque. The article focuses on cultural and pop-cultural (literature, film, TV) context of these works.
Comics: Znieczulenie ogólne By Mateusz Wiśniewski and Maciej Pałka
Ósma czara and the New Visual Order After the Fall of Communism Piotr Klonowski
Comics: Artur Biernacki By Auxilia
It is All Because of Our Human Curiosity Interview with Daniel Odija conducted by Krzysztof Lichtblau Daniel Odija is a novelist and the writer of the comics tetralogy entitled Bardo (with art by Wojciech Stefaniec). In this interview, he discusses SF comics, his collaboration with Stefaniec, and how his visions of the future are connected to social and economic changes taking place in the world today.
Comics: * * * By Tomasz Niewiadomski
Kitch, Comics, and Science Fiction Movies Jerzy Szyłak This article was originally published in 1997 in a collection of essays entitled Niedyskretny Urok Kiczu. Problemy filmowej kultury popularnej (The Inconspicuous Attraction of Kitsch. Problems of Popular Movie Culture edited by Grażyna Stachówna). The author discusses the relationship between cinema and comics and points out the frequent equating of words ‟kitsch” and ‟comics” in the context of movies and of film adaptations of comics. He poses that the source of this attitude can be found in the derivative character of comics as compared to other art forms as well as in an inadequate level of theoretical reflection about comics. He also stresses that film and comics, despite of a certain affinity due to the fact that they both operate with images, have distinct goals which is causing the difficulties of translating the language of comics onto the movie screen.
Illustrations: By Simeon Genew
I Just Want to Write Good Novels Interview with Joseph William Haldeman conducted by Artur Wabik Joe Haldeman is a renowned military science fiction author whose famous Forever War novel (1974) was also published as a comics (1988; with art by Marvano). In this interview he talks about his inspirations, his experience with comics, and ways in which his SF vision became reality. Aside from Forever War, Haldeman’s other comics series, Dallas Barr (art also by Marvano) is also discussed.
Comics: Pierwsza pomoc By Paweł Kicman and Artur Hejna
The Bodies of Battle Angel Alita This article presents an analysis of the manga Battle Angel Alita focusing on the topic of the body. Bodies of manga’s protagonists play several distinct roles: the basis for constructing the identity of an isolated ‟I”; the place and way of exercising power; the tool for resistance; and the possibility of gaining freedom. A key frame of reference used in the article is the idea of the cyborg body.
Comics: Jak karaluchy By Karolina Walczak
Postapocalyptic Science Fiction of Snowpiercer. Social Inequalities on a Dystopian Train Jolanta Kikiewicz Snowpiercer is a three-volume graphic novel with art by Jean-Marc Rochette, written by Jacques Lob (vol. 1: The Escape), Benjamin Legrand (vol. 2: The Explorers), and Oliver Bocquet (vol. 3: Terminus). The comics tells the story of the last train on Earth, plowing through the snow-covered planet (a climate catastrophe had frozen the globe), doomed to circumnavigate the globe until the end of time – or until the engines fail. The train’s inhabitants – last humans on Earth – are divided into classes, with the poorest ones struggling to survive. The train is capable of producing all the necessities of life – and quite a few luxuries – but not all passengers can access those resources. The article discusses economic, social, egalitarian and posthuman aspects of the Snowpiercer series.
Comics: Śmiech się niesie we wszechświecie By Krzysztof Otorowski
A World Bled Dry Dawid Gostyński This article attempts to describe contemporary crisis of imagination which is related to technologocial and environmental changes. The question about possibility of creating utopia in new conditions is posed to the series of comics of Enki Bilal – Animal’z, Julia&Roem, The colour of the air. Bilal creates dystopias in which he deconstructs the human as a rational, corporeal and historical being. However, it allows him to sketch a new way of thinking about human: as a subject with disturbed affects and uncertain about his own identity. From this point (which means new perception and therefore different kind of ontological awarness) Bilal create another possibilities for creating post-human community.
Comics: Wojna By Marcin Rustecki and Dominik Szcześniak

Religion in Comics

The Spirituality of Charles M. Schulz and His Peanuts Michał Madej This paper tries to analyse the spirituality of Charles M. Schulz (1922-2000) based on his comic work Peanuts. Its author became greatly interested in topics on religion after the Second World War and became an ardent reader of the Bible. The latter was often a source of inspiration for him while creating new comics. Despite contemporaneous recommendations advising to omit any religious reference in comics, Schulz did not hesitate to raise important issues in his strips like school prayer or abortion. However, more of them contain references to Christianity on a “teach and entertain” basis. The humour and laughter coming from them were not contradictory with the religious spirit, according to Schulz. One can mention e.g. Sally’s slips of the tongue or some statements of Linus, who in Peanuts represented the spiritual side of his creator. For the above reasons this series of comics that spanned nearly fifty years has been used by various preachers to bring people closer to Christian theology.
Illustrations: By Piotr Burzyński

Off-Topic

Citizen McDuck. Scrooge McDuck as an Antihero in Don Rosa’s The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck Michał Czajkowski This article discusses the antihero aspect of the protagonist of Don Rosa’s The Life and Times of Scrooge McDuck. The authors begins his analysis of the antihero with the classic theory by Aristotle before moving on to more current analyses, e.g. by Victor Brombert and Vladimir Propp. Czajkowski places the works of Rosa on the background of activities of various socially engaged cultural and political movements in the United States of 1970s. Scrooge McDuck who is a deeply pragmatic character, finds ways to pay back family debts. Later on, however, his desire to make money becomes an obsession and a goal in itself. This goal signals a certain corruption and it is combined in the comic book with various adventures of McDuck.
Illustrations: By Katarzyna Poterek
Happy Birthday to You, Polish Comics! Paweł Timofiejuk One hundred years ago, on 9 February, 1919, the first episode of the first Polish ‟comics” (Ogniem i mieczem, czyli przygody szalonego Grzesia) was published in ‟Szczutek”!
Illustrations: By Adrianna Kaczmarek

Reviews

Into the Unknown, with a Book Michał Traczyk Review of Robert Trojanowski’s book Odkryj swoją planetę i stwórz kosmiczną animację
Exit Through The Emigracja, or Photostories Other than Those from „Bravo” Jakub Jankowski Review of Dominik Szcześniak’s and Rafał Trejnis’ comic book series Fotostory
How Much Fatherland, Honour, and God Do We Need? And How Many Pages? Przemysław Zawrotny Review of Elżbieta Żukowska’s and Andrzej Chyży’s comics Jaskółka
Just One Moment Przemysław Zawrotny Review of Mariko Tamaki’s and Jilian Tamaki’s comics This One Summer
Author: Present Dominika Gracz Review of Anna Krztoń’s comics Weź się w garść
In Short Damian Kaja Short reviews of:
Stan Lee: The Man Behind Marvel by Bob Batchelor,
Brom by Unka Odya, and
Mort Cinder by Héctor Germán Oesterheld and Alberto Breccia
Data utworzenia strony: 7 III 2020
Ostatnia modyfikacja: 8 III 2020